When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, “I am God Almighty[a]; walk before me faithfully and be blameless. 2 Then I will make my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers.”
3 Abram fell facedown, and God said to him, 4 “As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. 5 No longer will you be called Abram[b]; your name will be Abraham,[c] for I have made you a father of many nations. 6 I will make you very fruitful; I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you. 7 I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. 8 The whole land of Canaan, where you now reside as a foreigner, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God.”
9 Then God said to Abraham, “As for you, you must keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you for the generations to come. 10 This is my covenant with you and your descendants after you, the covenant you are to keep: Every male among you shall be circumcised. 11 You are to undergo circumcision, and it will be the sign of the covenant between me and you. 12 For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner—those who are not your offspring. 13 Whether born in your household or bought with your money, they must be circumcised. My covenant in your flesh is to be an everlasting covenant. 14 Any uncircumcised male, who has not been circumcised in the flesh, will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.”
15 God also said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you are no longer to call her Sarai; her name will be Sarah. 16 I will bless her and will surely give you a son by her. I will bless her so that she will be the mother of nations; kings of peoples will come from her.”
17 Abraham fell facedown; he laughed and said to himself, “Will a son be born to a man a hundred years old? Will Sarah bear a child at the age of ninety?” 18 And Abraham said to God, “If only Ishmael might live under your blessing!”
19 Then God said, “Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac.[d] I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. 20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation. 21 But my covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you by this time next year.” 22 When he had finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him.
23 On that very day Abraham took his son Ishmael and all those born in his household or bought with his money, every male in his household, and circumcised them, as God told him. 24 Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised, 25 and his son Ishmael was thirteen; 26 Abraham and his son Ishmael were both circumcised on that very day. 27 And every male in Abraham’s household, including those born in his household or bought from a foreigner, was circumcised with him
Psalms 81: 1~8
1 A Psalm of Asaph. God has stood in the synagogue of gods, but, in their midst, he decides between gods.
2 How long will you judge unjustly and favor the faces of sinners?
3 Judge for the indigent and the orphan. Do justice to the humble and the poor.
4 Rescue the poor, and free the needy from the hand of the sinner.
5 They did not know and did not understand. They wander in darkness. All the foundations of the earth will be moved.
6 I said: You are gods, and all of you are sons of the Most High.
7 But you will die like men, and you will fall just like one of the princes.
8 Rise up, O God. Judge the earth. For you will inherit it with all the nations.
Psalms 72: 1~28
1 A Psalm of Asaph. How good is God to Israel, to those uwhare upright in heart.
2 But my feet were nearly moved; my steps had nearly slipped.
3 For I was zealous over the iniquitous, seeing the peacefulness of sinners.
4 For they have no respect for their death, nor do they have support in their wounds.
5 They are not with the hardships of men, nor will they be scourged with men.
6 Therefore, arrogance has held on to them. They have been covered with their iniquity and impiety.
7 Their iniquity has proceeded, as if from fat. They have parted from the affection of the heart.
8 They have thought and spoken wickedness. They have spoken iniquity in high places.
9 They have set their mouth against heaven, and their tongue has traversed the earth.
10 Therefore, my people will be converted here, and fullness of days will be found in them.
11 And they said, "How would God know?" and, "Isnt there knowledge in high places?"
12 Behold, these are sinners, and, abounding in this age, they have obtained riches.
13 And I said: So then, it is without purpose that I have justified my heart and washed my hands among the innocent.
14 And I have been scourged all day long, and I have received my chastisement in the mornings.
15 If I were to say that I would explain this: Behold, I would condemn this nation of your sons.
16 I considered, so that I might know this. It is a hardship before me,
17 until I may enter into the Sanctuary of God, and understand it to its last part.
18 So, because of deceitfulness, truly, you have placed it before them. While they were being lifted up, you were casting them down.
19 How have they been brought to desolation? They have suddenly failed. They have perished because of their iniquity.
20 As a dream is to those who awaken, O Lord, so will you reduce their image to nothing in your city.
21 For my heart has been inflamed, and my temperament has been changed.
22 And so, I have been reduced to nothing, and I did not know it.
23 I have become like a beast of burden to you, and I am always with you.
24 You have held my right hand. And in your will, you have conducted me, and with your glory, you have taken me up.
25 For what is there for me in heaven? And what do I wish for on earth before you?
26 My body has failed, and my heart: O God of my heart, and God my portion, into eternity.
27 For behold, those who put themselves far from you will perish. You have perished all those who fornicate away from you.
28 But it is good for me to adhere to God, to put my hope in the Lord God, so that I may announce all your prophecies, at the gates of the daughter of Zion.
Psalms 59: 1~14
1 Unto the end. For those who will be changed, with the inscription of a title, of David himself, for instruction:
2 when he set fire to Mesopotamia of Syria and Sobal, and Joab turned back and struck Idumea, in the valley of the salt pits, twelve thousand men.
3 O God, you have rejected us, and you have ruined us. You became angry, and yet you have been merciful to us.
4 You have moved the earth, and you have disturbed it. Heal its breaches, for it has been moved.
5 You have revealed to your people difficulties. You have made us drink the wine of remorse.
6 You have given a warning sign to those who fear you, so that they may flee from before the face of the bow, so that your beloved may be delivered.
7 Save me with your right hand, and hear me.
8 God has spoken in his holy place: I will rejoice, and I will divide Shechem, and I will measure the steep valley of the tabernacles.
9 Gilead is mine, and Manasseh is mine. And Ephraim is the strength of my head. Judah is my king.
10 Moab is the cooking pot of my hope. Into Idumea, I will extend my shoe. To me, the foreigners have been made subject.
11 Who will lead me into the fortified city? Who will lead me all the way to Idumea?
12 Will not you, O God, who has rejected us? And will not you, O God, go out with our armies?
13 Grant us help from tribulation. For salvation from man is empty.
14 In God, we will act virtuously. And those who trouble us, he will lead to nothing.